THE MOSSAD: AN ANNOTATED DIRECTORY OF ONLINE SOURCES AND PRINT ARTICLES
By Wesley Britton
Because the number of short news items, articles, booklets, and opinion pieces on the Mossad and Israeli intelligence are legion, the listings below are intended only as good starting points for researchers and general readers. Other links can be found in the companion directories at this website, including the annotated bibliography of non-fiction books and the filmography. All these resources are works in progress, and I welcome any additions you may wish to send.
As of September 2007, this directory includes the following annotated lists:
A. Online sources, general information
B. Online sources, operations and agents
C. Online sources, Eli Cohen
D. Print articles, Eli Cohen
E. Online Sources, Victor Ostrovsky
F. Selective Articles In Print Periodicals
G. Obits about Ashraf Marwan
Addendum will include new information when it becomes available.
A. Online Sources, General information
As the Mossad is a subject of numerous conspiracy theories and rumors, there are countless postings ascribing all sorts of activities to the Mossad. Below are sites purporting to be objective and/or at least informative. Any Google search will result in hits on many other sites. In addition, there are sites where you can order MOSSAD Israeli Secret Intelligence Logo T-Shirts for $7.99, if you're so inclined.
Note: Other useful sites that include items on Israeli intelligence along with other areas of interest are listed in "SPY BLOGS AND ONLINE FILES: AN ANNOTATED DIRECTORY" also posted at this site.
The official site by the Israeli government:
"Israel - Overviews - A-Z" contains many brief reviews and summaries of books and articles on Israeli intelligence. Invaluable.
http://intellit.muskingum.edu/israel_folder/... - 14k -
A short overview of the Mossad including links to recruitment ads:
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/israel/mossad/ - 8k -
Note: One link is of special interest--"James Bond, No Big Deal": Technological Aspects of Mossad Operations by Dan Yakhin, Globes (Tel Aviv), April 19, 2001. This is an interview with ex-Mossad agent "Or and" Gil who describes recruitment changes over the past 20 years and adaptations in technology. Extremely informative.
A sample chapter from the book, Historical Dictionary of Israeli Inteligence, is posted at
There are many news articles on the Mossad collected at "Real History and Mossad, the Israeli Secret Service."
http://www.fpp.co.uk/BoD/Mossad/index.html - 23k -
A somewhat helpful Wikipedia summary of the history, structure, missions, and links to a number of articles:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mossad - 67k -
Note: As usual with most Wikipedia articles, not completely credible. For example, date of the Mossad's creation is not correct and it wasn't the KGB who captured Eli Cohen but rather the Syrians using equipment provided by the Russian GRU.
B. Online sources, operations and agents
"Arab-Israeli War, 1967 - July 2002" is an extensive bibliography on the topic.
http://www.jfsc.ndu.edu/library/publications/... - 63k -
Baxter, Sarah. "Iranian nuclear scientist 'assassinated by Mossad.'" The Sunday TimesFebruary 04, 2007.
www.imra.org.il/story.php3?id=32855 - 7k - Feb 4, 2007 -
Britton, Wesley. "Before Munich: Black September on TV and Film." Summaries and analysis of TV documentaries, docu-dramas, and feature movies based on the 1972 massacre at the Munich Olympics and the aftermath."
Posted at this website.
"Champagne Spy, The." TIME.com. Nov. 23, 1970 -- Page 1. Summary of the career of and interview with Wolfgang Lotz.
"CIA and Mossad are Behind the Hrant Dink Murder." January 24, 2007.
www.whatreallyhappened.com/archives/cat_assassination.html - 356k -
"Covert Option: Can sabotage and assassination stop Iran from going nuclear?"
“Early Operations of Israeli Intelligence.” Department for Jewish Zionist Education. 1992. Retrieved, Aug. 2, 2007. Overview of pre-Mossad history.
Geller, Doron. "Inside the Israeli Secret Service:A History of its Growth and Missions." Transcripts of lectures on:
1. Early Operations of Israeli Intelligence
2. The Lavon Affair
3. Stealing a Soviet MiG
4. Wolfgang Lotz
5. Israel Beer
6. The Capture of Adolf Eichmann
7. Israeli Intelligence in the 1967 War
8. The Israeli Commando Assault on Green Island
9. The Cherbourg Boats
10. Operation Spring of Youth
11. Israeli Intelligence and the Yom Kippur War of 1973
12. Eli Cohen
“Haganah, The.”The Pedagogic Center, The Department for Jewish Zionist Education, The Jewish Agency for Israel. 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000. Retrieved, Aug. 11, 2007. History of intelligence operations before 1948.
Hitron, Haggai. "The monster is in handcuffs. Adolf Eichmann's captors recount how they snatched Hitler's henchman." Last Update: 16/01/2007 01:42
Hockstader, Lee. "In Word Only, Israeli Spy Resurfaces: Published Testimony Recalls Furor Over 1986 Nuclear Case." Washington Post, 25 Nov. 1999, A30.
"IRAN: NUCLEAR SCIENTIST DIES UNDER MYSTERIOUS CIRCUMSTANCES." January 31, 2007. WhatReallyHappened.com: ASSASSINATIONArchives
www.whatreallyhappened.com/archives/cat_assassination.html - 356k -
“Jewish Armed Forces in the British Mandate.” PALESTINE FACTS. Retrieved, Aug. 2, 2007. Includes discussion of pre-independence cover operations.
www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_jewish_forces.php - 36k -
Klein, Aaron. “Former Mossad chief: Assassinate Ahmadinejad." World Net Daily. February 14, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2007. Meir Amit’s comments on taking out terrorist leader.
www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=54244 - 38k –
Lapidot, Yehuda. “THE 'HUNTING SEASON.’” ETZEL. Translated from Hebrew by Chaya Galai. Retrieved, July 27, 2007. Discussion of pre-independence covert operations in Egypt.
“Lavon Affair - Israel and Terror in Egypt, The.” Middle East: MidEastWeb. August 22, 1999. Retrieved, Aug. 3, 2007.
www.mideastweb.org/lavon.htm - -
Leonhardt, Major Kent A., USMC. "Why Israel Was Surprised In October, 1973." (1990). An excellent overview and analysis of the intelligence failures.
http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/library/... - 42k -
Lilienthal, Alfred M. "Zionist Connection II --Chapter 10 -- Terror: The Double Standard. Online Selections From: The Zionist Connection II: What Price Peace? (1983). Extremely well-researched if detailed and biased complaint that the Western media has a double-standard when treating news stories regarding Middle Eastern violence. Discusses coverage of spy stories from Eli Cohen's hanging to Black September and later. (Broken link as of 9/07)
http://www.alfredlilienthal.com/zionchap10.htm - 149k -
"MASTER LIST OF DEAD SCIENTISTS." (1/27/07) Claims "more than 310 Iraqi scientists are thought to have perished at the hands of Israeli secret agents in Iraq since fall of Baghdad."
McLeod, Eric. " The Plumbat affair; The story of how Israel got its nukes." Shunpiking Online Vo.3 No.9. Good short review of the incident.
"Mossad assassinating Iranian nucular scientists?" Feb 2, 07
Navon, Amit. "'Dipped His Head in Blood.'" Ma'ariv (Sofshayu'a Supplement) in Hebrew], 11 Apr. 2003.
“Of Hate & Espionage.” Time. Friday, March 5, 1965. Retrieved online, July 23, 2007. News item regarding executed and captured Israeli spies in Syria including Eli Cohen.
www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,839300,00.html - -
"Preemptive Attack on Iran's Nuclear Facilities: Possible ..."
cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/040812.htm - 60k -
RABINOVICH , ABRAHAM. “Revealing 'the Source.'” The Jerusalem Post Internet Edition, Jul. 5, 2007
Robarge, David S. "Getting It Right: CIA Analysis of the 1967 Arab-Israeli War " Studies in Intelligence 49, no. 1 (2005), 1-7. [
Shpiro, Shlomo. "Know Your Enemy: West German-Israeli Intelligence Evaluation of Soviet Weapon Systems." Journal of Intelligence History 4, no. 1 (Summer 2004).
Syed, Bashir A. "How Israel Killed For The Atom Bomb -With Timeline." 11-22-6
www.rense.com/general74/howiz.htm - 51k -
Thomas, Gordon. “Mossad - The World's Most Efficient Killing Machine.” Rense.com. Dec. 9, 2002. Retrieved, Aug. 12, 2007. Includes comments by Meir Amit about Mossad.
www.rense.com/general32/ruth.htm - 38k -
Tuck, Benjamin F. "The Whistleblower of Dimona: Israel, Vanunu, and the Bomb (review)". The Journal of Military History - Volume 69, Number 2, April 2005, pp. 607-608.
"World War III has already begun, says Israeli spy chief." Israel News and views. (1/27/07) Interview with former Mossad chief Efraim Halevy.
C. Online Sources, Eli Cohen
Discussions on Eli Cohen include his mission in the 1960s as well as ongoing attempts to get Syria to return his remains.
Britton, Wesley. "The Story of Israel's Most Famous Secret Agent: Behind the Scenes of The Impossible Spy." Based on interviews with film producer Harvey Chertok, this is how the Eli Cohen story was turned into the 1987 HBO/BBC production. (Radio interviews with Chertok and Wesley Britton on the film are also linked here.)
Posted at this website.
" Cohen, Eli (1924-1965)." Short and questionable biography. It claims Cohen was captured by accident.
Cohen, Maurice (as told to Carla Stockton). "Am I My Brother's Keeper?"
Poignant article in which former Mossad cryptographer Maurice Cohen describes how he discovered his brother, Eli Cohen, was Mossad's "Our Man in Damascus" and his feelings about being unable to stop Eli's eventual capture and execution.
Posted at this website.
“Counterintelligence News for the week of: February 1-7, 2004.” The Centre for
Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), Alexandria, VA. Retrieved Aug. 2, 2007. News stories about campaign to get Syria to return Cohen’s body.
"Eli Cohen: Israel's Most Famous Spy." Very brief bio from JewishGates.Com - The Definitive Source for Talmudic Learning.
Fine, Arnold. " Eli Cohen: Israel’s Master Spy." Detailed two part biography published by The Jewish Press Magazine June 22, 2001.
Florsheinm, Ella and Avi Shilon. "The Handler." Based on an interview with Meir Amit, who had been head of the Mossad during the Eli Cohen affair. Provides insights not known previously about Cohen's capture and personality.
"Friends of Eli Cohen" website, established by Maurice and Belle Cohen, contains basic facts, links, and a petition seeking the return of Eli's body.
Geller, Doran. " Lecture 12--Eli Cohen." Transcript of a lecture for Geller's "Inside the Israeli Secret Service" course. Posted at Israeli Intelligence Week 12. Excellent biography of Cohen including contexts of problems with Syria.
Hockstader, Lee. “Could a Dead Israeli Spy Influence the Talks?” Washington Post Foreign Service Tuesday, January 4, 2000; Page A11. Retrieved online, July 29, 2007.
The Impossible Spy webside. Producer Harvey Chertok's site promoting the 1987 HBO/BBC film biography of Eli Cohen now available on a DVD "Special Edition."
Lieber, Joel. “In Arab Hands.” The Nation, Oct. 19, 1964. Retrieved online, July 29, 2007.
Nahmias, Roee. “Spy: Eli Cohen died because of failure.” Ynetnews. May 11, 2006, 17:51. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007.
Nahmias, Roee. “Syrian official: Israeli spy's grave located under neighborhood.” Ynetnews. May 14, 2007, 14:03. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007.
"PM's Speech at the Ceremony Marking 40 Years Since the Death of Eli Cohen." 27/06/2005
Includes photo of PM Sharon and Eli Cohen's widow, Nadia.
http://www.pmo.gov.il/PMOEng/Archive/Speeches/2005/... - 51k -
Sanua, Victor. "THE HISTORY OF ELIE COHEN : AN EGYPTIAN BORN JEW WHO BECAME ISRAEL'S GREATEST SPY." Short (and poorly edited) biography. One interesting citation: "Maurice Mizrahi, the author of «l'Egypte et ses Juifs». «Le temps révolu (19-20e siècles)», reports on the fact that Elie
Cohen worked in his business. Mizrahi noticed that Elie took a long time to carry out his duties outside the business."
Simon, Roger L. “Is There a New Eli Cohen?” September 26, 2004. Retrieved, Aug. 4, 2007. Looking a new espionage in Syria, speculates a new Cohen-like agent is active in Syria.
www.rogerlsimon.com/mt-archives/2004/09/the_is_there_a.php - 28k -
Sofer, Ronny. “MK gives Assad letter from spy's wife.” Ynetnews. Nov. 9, 2005, 16:53. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007. Article about Nadia Cohen’s attempt to communicate with Syrian president.
Sofer, Ronny. “Olmert hopes for Turkey breakthrough on Eli Cohen.” Ynetnews. Feb. 14, 2007, 16:19. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007. Discussions on more attempts to communicate with Syrian leadership.
“Two Can Play: Issues in the News.” wrmea.com. Dec. 1988. Retrieved, Sept. 2, 2007.
Weinstein, Jamie. “Bomb the eucalyptus trees!” Cornell Daily Sun. January 26, 2005. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007.
www.renewamerica.us/columns/jweinstein/050126 - 39k -
“WUJS to Assad: Repatriate Eli Cohen.” Ynetnews Dec. 22, 2006, 01:20. Retrieved, Aug. 29, 2007.
Yarid, Hani. “Eli Cohen: Spy Within Parts I & II.” Culture of Arabia Online. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
THE ZUNDELSITE. "Israeli Aggression, Militarism, and Terror." Compiling a list of published quotes demonstrating Israeli crimes, quotes a short passage from Eli Ben-Hanan's Our Man in Damascus which doesn't mention Cohen but rather underground operations in Egypt.
D. Print Articles, Eli Cohen
Compiled by Belle Cohen.
Antler, Ronit. "Allow me to visit My Brother’s Grave." Yediot Achronot, April 8,
Aizban, Shmuel. "Eli Cohen Velcher Iz Geshtorben Oif der Tlieh in Damasek."
Der Tog Morgen Journal, June 14 , 1970.
Barr - Zohar, Michael. Damasek Koret le Tel-Aviv. (Damascus Callingg Tel-Aviv),
Ha’aretz (Weekly supplement), Nos: 51, 52, and 53, September 8, 15, and 22,
1967 ( reprinted in Midstream, Vol. 14, 9 November 1968.
"Eli Cohen 1924-1965- Eli You Will Never Be Forgotten."(Booklet). pub the Amuta, Chairman Efraim Chiram. (1996).
"Eli Cohen- A Lonely Hero in Damascus." (booklet) The Israeli Ministry of Education,
Culture and Sport, The Department of Educational Programs. (1998).
"Eli Cohen Hung in Damascus." Haolam Hazeh, May 19 1965
"Eli Cohen Lives." The Jerusalem Post, November 12, 1971.
"Eli Cohen Was Intimate of Syrian Leaders." The Jerusalem Post, May 19, 1965
"Fear On An Extreme Outcome From The Arab Summit." Davar, May 22, 1995.
"I Am No Better Than Anyone Else." Ma’ariv, May 19 1965
"Israeli Martyrs On Stamps." The Jerusalem Post, December 23 ??
"My Brother Eli Cohen." Bamachaneh, May 25, 1965
ROULEAU, Eric. "The Double Life of Eli Cohen." Atlas, 10 (July 1965), pp. 10-12.
(reprint of Rouleau, Eric. "La Vie Double d’Eli Cohen." Le Monde, May 23, 1965 and The Jewish Digest, December, 1965.)
Saab, Edward H. "Kamel Tabet’s s’appelait Elie Cohen." June Afrique, No 223,
March 14, 1965.
"She Mourns The Man She Barely Knew, interview with Nadia Cohen." The
Jerusalem Post, May 19, 1995.
"Syria Hangs Eli Cohen In Public Square As A Spy." The Jerusalem Post, May 19, 1965.
"The Israeli Spy, Eli Cohen Was Hung In The Morning In Damascus." Yediot
Achronot, May 18, 1965.
"The Israeli Spy Eli Cohen Was Hung In The Morning In Damascus." Ma’ariv 18,
Eli Cohen, a play written and directed by Gad Tsadaka 1998 Untitled by
E. Online Sources, Victor Ostrovsky
While his role in espionage history should not be overstated, Ostrovsky is the subject of a number of articles on the web. Readers can weigh the credibility on their own.
1. A promotional site for Ostrovsky's Fine Art work. From the site: "Today, Victor's insight and knowledge of the intelligence community facilitates his writing of fictional novels and screenplays, and serves as a basis for his enigmatic
and cryptic paintings. His canvases offer tantalizing images, evoking a mystical and otherworldly reaction from viewers. Hats, gloves, scarves and umbrellas
hide the identities of his inscrutable figures, provoking and teasing our imaginations with visual portrayals of adventure and intrigue. The activities
of his figures and the titles of the work reflect the enterprise and language of the international intelligence community, bringing several layers of meaning
to his paintings while creating stories for the viewer."
2. Making the reputation of Ostrovsky murkier, the "Free Encyclopedia" provides the briefest of biographies followed by a series of claims with frequent (citation needed) notations after them. One cited source: "Some critics, such as historian
Benny Morris and author David Wise have charged that the book [By Way of Deception] is essentially a novel written by a professional novelist, and that a junior employee would never have learned so many operational secrets." The rest of this compilation of uncredited notes isn't especially useful.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Ostrovsky - 26k -
3. Peter Myers, October 18, 2001; update December 3, 2006, provides many direct quotes from Ostrovsky books with inserted comments.
http://users.cyberone.com.au/myers/ostrovsky.html - 77k -
4. Alongside many Mossad related articles, this site post this piece including a transcript of a CTV interview on Oct. 21, 1995 where an Israeli journalist called for someone to kill Victor Ostrovsky. Ostrovsky responded with shock that the media didn't follow-up on this call and accused the media of a double-standard for not coming to his defense.
http://www.the7thfire.com/new_world_order/zionism/... - 77k -
5. "Victor Ostrovsky: How Mossad got America to bomb Libya and fight Iraq" is a reprint of the section from The Other Side of Deception where Ostrovsky describes the "Trojan Dick Trick" summarized in the book review of this title in a separate file at this website.
http://freemasonrywatch.org/libya.html - 34k -
6. Both these sites contain the same extracts from an article in the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (October/November 1997) in which Ostrovsky wrote: "I am the target of a broad collusion between elements of the Israeli government and their gofers, mostly in the American Jewish community."
http://www.radioislam.org/islam/english/terror/... - 27k -
http://www.fpp.co.uk/BoD/Mossad/Ostrovsky.html - 17k -
F. SELECTIVE ARTICLES IN PRINT PERIODICALS
Note: Here, I make no attempt to list every item I've run across, but rather include those from the most useful of journals for serious researchers. Most abstracts and annotations have been omitted when they are readily available elsewhere. Many of the journals require subscriptions to access online versions.
Even more listings can be found at "Mossad-Bibliography" at:
http://users.skynet.be/terrorism/html/... - 36k -
Bar-Joseph, Uri. "State-Intelligence Relations in Israel: 1948-1996." Journal of Conflict Studies 17, no. 2 (Fall 1997): 133-156.
Beres, Louis René. "The Iranian Threat to Israel: Capabilities and Intentions." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 9, no. 1
(Spring 1996): 51-61.
Doron, Gideon. "Israeli Intelligence: Tactics, Strategy, and Prediction." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 2, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 305-319.
Doron, Gideon. "The Vagaries of Intelligence Sharing: The Political Imbalance." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 2 (Summer 1993):
Doron, Gideon And Gad Barzilai. "The Middle East Power Balance: Israel's Attempts to Understand Changes in Soviet-Arab Relations." International Journal of Intelligence
and Counterintelligence 5, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 35-47.
Doron, Gideon And Reuven Pedatzur. "Israeli Intelligence: Utility and Cost-Effectiveness in Policy Formation." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3, no. 3 (1989): 347-361.
Doron, Gideon And Boaz Shapira. "Accountability for Secret Operations in Israel." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 3 (Fall 1990):
Gazit, Shlomo. "Estimates and Fortune-Telling in Intelligence Work." International Security 4, no. 4 (Spring 1980): 36-56.
Gazit, Shlomo. "Intelligence Estimates and the Decision-Maker." Intelligence and National Security 3, no. 3 (Jul. 1988): 261-287.
Gazit, Shlomo. "Intelligence and the Peace Process in Israel." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 3 (Jul. 1997): 35-66.
Indinopulos, Thomas. "Shin Bet's Blind Side." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 10, no. 1 (Spring 1997): 91-96.
Jones, Clive. "'A Reach Greater than the Grasp': Israeli Intelligence and the Conflict in South Lebanon, 1990-2000." Intelligence and National Security
16, no. 3 (Autumn 2001): 1-26.
Kahana, Ephraim. "Reorganizing Israel's Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 3 (Fall 2002): 415-428.
Caplan, Neil. "Ben-Gurion's Spy: The Story of the Political Scandal that Shaped Modern Israel. by Shabtai Teveth." Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Winter, 1997), pp. 106-107
Katz, Yaron. "Global Media Influence on the Operational Codes of Israel's Intelligence Services." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
19, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 316-334.
McAllister, David H. [LT/USN] "Assessing Israeli Intelligence in Action." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 13, no. 4 (Oct. 1997): 1-5.
Melman, Yossi, and Dan Raviv. "The Journalist's Connections: How Israel Got Russia's Biggest Pre-Glasnost Secret." International Journal of Intelligence
and Counterintelligence 4, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 219-225.
“Murder of Mehdi Ben Barka, The.” Time, Monday, Dec. 29, 1975. From the article: “Also involved in the case was Israel's CIA equivalent, known as Mossad. Although Morocco later supported Arab confrontation states in the Middle East wars,
it had excellent relations with Israel after it became independent in 1956. For example, Morocco arranged, through the French, to have Mossad train its
own fledgling secret service. Mossad's chief Moroccan contact was [Mohammed] Oufkir. At one point after the Moroccans had decided to get rid of Ben Barka, Oufkir
asked Mossad to obtain some poison for him. The agency declined, but later agreed to help tail Ben Barka, who was then living in Geneva.”
Shpiro, Shlomo. "The Media Strategies of Intelligence Services." International
For related articles, see
Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 4 (Winter 2001-2002):
G. Obits about Ashraf Marwan
Blum, Howard. “Who Killed Ashraf Marwan?” New York Times, July 13, 2007
Egyptian billionaire ‘who spied for Mossad’ found dead - Times Online
Egyptian chronicles: Ashraf Marwan ,the groom dies in London
Obituaries: Ashraf Marwan, 62, the controversial son-in-law of Egypt's late President ......
www.latimes.com/news/obituaries/ - 80k - Jul 11, 2007 -
Who killed Egyptian billionaire Ashraf Marwan?- Topix
www.topix.net/news/blogs/2007/06/who-killed-egyptian-billionaire-ashraf-marwan - 45k